Iraq is located in Western Asia and is home to the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, which have been known as the "Cradle of Civilization" for thousands of years.
The official language of Iraq is Arabic, but Kurdish and Turkmen are also spoken in certain regions of the country.
Iraq has a population of over 40 million people and is the world's 36th most populous country.
Iraq is home to the ancient city of Babylon, which was once one of the world's largest and most important cities.
Iraq is the world's second-largest producer of crude oil, with an estimated 147 billion barrels of oil reserves.
The famous Tigris-Euphrates river system provides water to a vast agricultural region known as the "Fertile Crescent," which includes parts of Iraq, Syria, Turkey, and Iran.
Iraq has a rich cultural heritage, with contributions to fields such as literature, art, and music.
The city of Baghdad, the capital of Iraq, was once known as the "City of Peace" and was a center of learning and culture during the Islamic Golden Age.
Iraq has experienced conflict and political instability in recent decades, including the Gulf War, the Iraq War, and the rise of ISIS.
Iraqi cuisine is known for its variety and includes dishes such as biryani, kebabs, and dolma, which are stuffed vegetables.