Myers Briggs Personality Test is a test of personality through which people will be able to know about their personality and according to their personality they can spend their life with joy and happiness. It is one of the most famous personality test which is followed by many people as this personality test always gives accurate answers to its testers.
There are 4 broad categories in this personality test with two pairs in each category. This test says that people will have two options in a pair, means only one of the two things inside a pair will be present in the person. By knowing about those categories anyone can know about his personality very easily.
|Introvert (I)||Thinking (T)||Intuiting (I)||Perceiving (P)|
|Extrovert (E)||Feeling (F)||Sensing (S)||Judging (J)|
If you want to know about your personality type, then for this you should write down the marks of all the categories that you think you have. For example, if you think you are introvert then you should write I in a copy which is short form of introvert, keep doing this till you reach the fourth category. All four categories’ short form is given in the above category table, inside bracket.
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1) Introvert or Extrovert
One person’s personality cannot contain both. He can be an introvert or an extrovert. Let’s understand through a table about Introvert and Extrovert person:
|Introvert Person||Extrovert Person|
|These people are shy by nature||These people are not by nature|
|They don’t talk much with other people||They talk too much with other people|
|Sometimes people make misconceptions about introverts and think of them as arrogant people as per of their face reaction||Some extroverts have double faces. One is the inside face and the other is from the outside when they talk to other people. They can easily hide things from other persons.|
|introverts enjoys to be alone||The extrovert needs someone to talk to otherwise they feel bored|
|They find difficulties to make friends and meet with new people||They make new friends very quickly and meet new people easily.|
If you are introvert then write I in a copy and If you are extrovert then write E in a copy. With the help of the above table which is the difference between introverts and extroverts, you can easily know about yourself.
2) Thinking and Feeling
This is the second broad category of the Myers Briggs Personality Test, in which this test shows that a person makes decisions based on thoughts or feelings. If a person takes decisions through emotion then he will also care about the feelings of others and will take decisions accordingly.
In thinking person will make decisions based on his experiences and in feeling he will think emotionally. It is generally seen that people who think emotionally have a very soft heart and they can easily forgive anyone no matter how bad the person has done.
Write T next to I or E if you take decisions through thinking or write F next to I or E if you take decisions through feelings.
3) Intuiting and Sensing
Intuition means gut feeling means strong feeling of the person. Sometimes this feeling is so strong that one starts taking this feeling in reality. In intuition, a person creates his own thinking and can easily understand any situation and make himself comfortable in that place. For example- You must have seen people telling themselves before going on stage that they can do anything. It is a gut feeling that will give the courage to do anything. Individuals with an intuitive personality live their lives mostly in imagination.
Sensing means using your body’s five senses to sense the environment of any place and respond accordingly. People with sensitive personality live in reality and practical life and accept the difficult things of life easily. They can also heal themselves very soon from any bad incident. They always take decisions according to their mindset.
Write I next to IT or ET if you take decisions through Intuiting or write S next to IF or EF if you take decisions through Sensing.
4) Perceiving and Judging
Perceiving means involve yourself as per of your surroundings. A person with a perceptive personality will not like to make plans. Instead of judging, they understand their surroundings. Means they think that everything will be good in future even if they don’t work hard. These types of people enjoy their present to the fullest without thinking about the future.
People with judging personality like to judge themselves or others and based on this judgment they meet new people and make friends. They always follow a proper plan for their future which is made by themselves. These types of people always notice two sides of any situation one positive and the other negative.
There are 16 personality types under these four broad categories of personality. After writing down the short form of whatever personality you have, you will get a unique four letter word and that is your personality type.
Decision making process in management
Decision making process plays a very important role in management and organizations. Students learn this process in their 11th class after choosing commerce. But the sad thing is that they learn this process as a part of their syllabus and that’s why they just learn it instead of follow this process in their life at the time of making decisions. Decision making process not only helps you in your management and organizations, in fact it can be very helpful for any person when he is going to take decision of his life because this process teaches us How to make the right decisions and it is applicable in all organizations as well. If you are able to follow these steps while taking any kind of decision then it will increase your chances of taking good decisions in life and management.
1) Identification of problem
This is first stage where you Identify the problem from the troubles that you facing in your management. Identifying the problem is most important for a manager if he wants to run work smoothly under him.
In this step the manager is trying to find the root of the problem and then he moves forward the next step. For example- If two employees are fighting in the company and the company is suffering because of their fight then it is necessary for the manager to find the cause of this problem and the root of this problem can be the reason over which workers were fighting over and anything else.
If we consider this step while making decisions in our daily life then it can be very helpful in that too. For example- a person gets very angry and at any time gets angry on small things and because of this he immediately starts shouting at others then it is very important for the person to find the reason of the problem. Because after knowing the root of the problem, it will automatically solve half of your problem and the rest you will solve by your own.
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2) Identification of alternatives
This is the second step in the decision making process that comes when you have successfully discovered the root of your problem. After finding out the root of the problem, the manager has a very clear idea about the problem and on the basis of that problem he starts making assumptions that he can take in the form of different solutions to treat that problem.
Managers assumes and identify different solutions that he can take to solve the problem. In this step he create a data of different solutions. This data contains all kinds of solutions, including bad ones because in this stage, the manager focuses only on making the assumption that comes to his mind. It is just a raw data collection of estimations which will help in taking the right decision.
3) Evaluate alternatives
In this step manager checks and evaluate all the alternative that he has made in his second step. He gives proper time to each assumption and find pros and cons of each assumption.
After giving proper and sufficient time for each assumption he starts removing all those assumptions which have high implementation loss and less chance to be successful in fixing the problem. This is one of the most time consuming step in decision making process because in this step manager gives time to all estimated points.
4) Choose best alternative
In this step manager choose the best assumption that he made and that have high chance to be successful and to fix the problem. This is most crucial step that every manager face while taking big decisions in the company because the alternative that manager choose in this step would be final and followed by the workers of the company and this alternative has power to make the company and to destroy the company.
Today every big company is able to achieve its achievement because of its great decisions. Hence choosing the best option for the company is paramount. If a company does not follow the steps properly and is not able to take proper decision then it may waste most of its time to take decision on the same thing again in future.
5) Implement decision
After choosing the best alternative, manager started to implement the decision in the organization that is followed by the worker of the company.
Implementation of any new decision is not easy for any manager because to implement his decision in proper way he also need to take a look over existing decisions that are followed by the workers of company if existing decisions will be effect from his new decision or not. If so, the manager will try to make his decisions neutral which can only fix the problem and not affect the existing decisions of the company. If the survival decisions of the company are also being affected by the new decisions of the company then it can spoil the day to day functioning of the company. Along with this he also need to consider many things in his mind before implement his decision.
6) Evaluate decision
Evaluating of decision is last step of decision making process. In this step manager evaluate his decision that it is properly working or not. He examines the problem situation for which he applied the decision and follows the entire decision process.
If things are going well as per of his instructions then he continue the decision but if there is any problem after implementing the plan then manager will reconsider the plan again modify it as per of difficulties he and his workers facing after implementing of that plan.
Basically, the main objective of taking this step in the decision making process is to ascertain whether the decision implemented by the manager in the company is actually capable of correcting the problem or not. If not then the manager will need to change the decision or amend his decision of existence.
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